What is the Study of Economics?

Economists study how society distributes scarce resources such as land, labor raw material, and machinery to produce goods and services.  They conduct research, collect and analyze data, monitor economic trends, and develop forecasts.  They research issues such as energy costs, inflation, interest rates, imports, or employment levels.  Most economists are concerned with practical applications of economic policies.

Careers as Economists

Economists are employed by both public and private sectors of the economy.  Economists who work for government agencies may assess economic conditions in the United States or abroad, in order to estimate the economic effects of specific changes in legislation or public policy.  The majority of government economists work in the area of agriculture, labor, commerce, or quantitative analysis; however, economists work in almost every area of government.  For example, economists in the U.S. Department of Commerce study production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services produced in the U.S. as well as abroad, while economists employed by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics analyze data related to prices, wages, employment, productivity, and safety and health.  An economist working in state or local government might analyze data on the growth of school-age population, prison growth, highway traffic in order to project future spending needs.

Opportunities for economists should be best in private industry, especially in research, testing, and consulting firms, as more companies contract out for  economic research services.  The growing complexity of the global economy, competition, and increased reliance on quantitative methods for analyzing the current value of future funds, business trends, sales, and purchasing in such areas as banks, insurance companies, investment firms, manufacturing, and large hospitals would spur demand for economists.

Economics is also an excellent background for graduate schools in business and for a law school.

Degree Plans for a major in Economics

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