Picture Archival and Communications Systems (PACS) in Radiology

Course Details

Course Number
Section Number
Spring 2016
Days & Times


Kimberly Onstott (view Profile)

Course Attachments


Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, a student will:

 Define the concept of PACS.

 Describe computer processing, storage, and communication.

 Identify and relate to PACS terminology

 Examine the components of a PACS

 Describe workflow, volume/storage capacity and PACS equipment needs.

 Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of implementing a PACS.

Course Expectations

Unit Quizzes = 30%

Research Portfolio = 35%

Comprehensive Final Exam (proctored) =35%

Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the CourseSchedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. Late work is not accepted and a zero (0) will be recorded after the due date. I strongly suggest you not push due dates to the last minute. If extenuating circumstances occur that may cause a delay in completing an assignment or quiz by the deadline the student should contact the instructor before the assignment is due (see the section on late work above); such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis.

HIPAA requirement: Do not place ANY patient name on your assignments. Any proper name that appears onan assignment, other than yours will be considered a HIPAA violation and the assignment will automaticallydrop one letter grade.


Introduce yourselves in the introduction discussion board by the due date in the course schedule. After your introductions, you may use the discussion as an area to talk with your classmates. Introductions are required.

Unit Quizzes -30%

When a student has reviewed a module and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to D2L and receive a customized timed unit quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions. See the course schedule for the open andclose dates for the quizzes. There is no quiz for Unit V. It is important to know the unit content before attempting the unit quizzes because they are timed. Quiz scores will be available immediately after a student submits his orher quiz for grading. All quizzes are open the day that classes begin, so you can work ahead. A target date for each quiz is provided so you can keep abreast of your progress. These are no due dates and the quizzes do not close until the due date in the course schedule. Quizzes not completed by the due date, will receive a zero (0). If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the Help link at the top toolbar in D2L, contactthe MSU Information Systems Support Staff ( ), and send an email to the course instructor explaining whathappened. If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she shouldsend an email to the course instructor that includes the following:  Module Quiz Number (I -VI)  Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct  Rationale Supporting Why the Student's Answer is Correct  Page numbers must be included when referencing the textbook in a rationale After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student's quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated. It may take several weeks for the student to receivea response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.

Research Portfolio -35%

The portfolio consists of 9 sections that will familiarize you with the terminology and the implementation of a PACS system.  All sections must be compiled into one Word document using APA format.  A standard MSU title page, and properly formatted citations and references will be expected.  The portfolio will consist of nine separate chapters. You may use chapter titles in your portfolio.  Each section must begin on a new page, so enter a page break when you have finished each section.  Follow the instructions in the course for each portion of the portfolio.  All assignments must reflect baccalaureate level effort Submission  Students must use the following format as the title of the assignment when saving the document: Lastname_Portfolio Assignment  Since there are several sections, you will be expected to submit sections I-V about halfway through the course, so that I can monitor your progress. This submission will not be graded, but failure to turn it in by the scheduled date in the course schedule will result in a drop of one letter grade for the overall project. These sections should be complete, because I will be reading them. Only minor editing should be done on these after this date.  The completed portfolio should be submitted to the dropbox as one Word document by the date in the course schedule. Do not use any other format.

Proctored Final Exam- 35%

Exam Format  The final examination is a proctored, "closed-book", comprehensive examination of multiple-choice, short answer, and matching questions. There are 75 questions and the final exam is a timed, ninety minute (90 min) test.  The unit notes, textbook, and examinations can be utilized to review for the final.  The comprehensive proctored final exam will be administered using Desire2Learn (D2L) and ProctorU online proctoring. What to Bring  You may bring scratch paper with only ProctorU’s phone number on it.  No smart watches or any other electronic devices will be allowed.  Students are not allowed to print the final exam. ProctorU Scheduling  You may schedule your exam for any time within the testing dates in the course schedule. You must have ALL of your course work complete when you take your final or the final will not be accessible in D2L.  For ProctorU instructions please read the ProctorU student instruction guide at  Be aware certain equipment is required. Review the ProctorU instructions as soon as possible.  Contact a ProctorU representative to check your equipment and bandwidth real time before your test date. If anything changes after this check (new computer, updates, ISP changes, etc.), REPEAT the check.  ProctorU allows you to take an exam on demand or by appointment. All appointments should be made atleast three days in advance. To make an appointment, simply create an account at Once logged in, click on the “new exam” link and select the exam, date, and time you desire. You must submit payment (based on the length of the exam) at that time - usually about $25.00. You will receive an email confirming your reservation at the email address you provided to ProctorU. Reservations made within 72 hours of an exam are subject to a $5 late registration fee. Students without an appointment can take their exam on demand within 15, 30 or 45 minutes by using ProctorU’s convenient Take it Now feature. This premier feature is designed to give students added convenience and costs $8.75. Late registrations and Take it Now features are subject toavailability.  Be mindful of when you schedule your final exam. If you schedule the exam outside of the 5 day work week (M-F), there may be no one at MSU available to help if you have technical problems. Late submissions will NOT be accepted. Technical problems  If you are disconnected during your exam, you must immediately send an email to your professor, and immediately contact ProctorU by phone. All exams are monitored and a log is created by ProctorU.  *All times will be documented!*  The exam MUST be taken within the scheduled test dates, regardless of any technical issues that may arise. This is the student’s responsibility!  Late submissions will NOT be accepted.  My suggestion is to take the exam during the first days it is available (listed below) to avoid receiving a zero due to technical issues. If you have to reschedule, it must be within the scheduled dates and times. All course requirements must be completed before a grade is awarded. Students must complete the final and all course work by the dates published in the course schedule. Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such. Any decision by the instructor is final and there will be no further changes made

Grading Standards

Grade Scale

A = 100 - 90

B = 89 - 80

C = 79 - 70

D = 69 - 60

F = 59 and below

Submission Format Policy

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Due Dates: Assignments must be submitted by 23:59 (11:59 pm) Central time on scheduled due dates in the course schedule. 

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements


Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at