MRI Applications

Course Details

Course Number
Section Number
Spring 2017
Days & Times


Kimberly Onstott (view Profile)

Course Attachments


Course Objectives

To understand the clinical applications of MRI, one must have a basic understanding of the physics of MRI. You should gain a very basic understanding of the physical aspects of MRI, the equipment used, and the instrumentation. This course will deal mainly with the clinical applications and procedures required to produce a diagnostic MRI exam. This course is not designed to qualify you as an MRI technologist but will provide information necessary to start you on the road to gaining a more complete understanding of MRI.

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

·         Demonstrate knowledge of basic principles of the physics of MRI

·         Demonstrate knowledge of pulse sequences, contrast media, special imaging techniques, patient care and safety aspects of MRI

·         Identify appropriate clinical applications of MRI

·         Describe the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic parameters on MRI scanning, the patient, and image quality

Course Expectations

Class Activities and Assignments

All students enrolled in RADS 4773 must complete all course requirements.

Order of Content

Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. The units are NOT taught in the order presented in the textbook. Each module has a quiz. PowerPoint slides are provided as a supplement to the modules, but quiz questions will be from information learned from the textbook. Be sure to read the chapters in your textbook!

Semester Long Activities

The Observation Assignment, and Term paper should be worked on throughout the semester to avoid a compilation of work at the end of the semester.

Late Work

If extenuating circumstances occur that may cause a delay in completing an assignment or quiz by the deadline the student should contact the instructor before the assignment is due (see the section on late work above); such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis.

HIPAA requirement

Do not place ANY patient name on your assignments. Any proper name that appears on an assignment, other than yours will be considered a HIPAA violation and the assignment grade may be dropped to as low as a zero, depending on the severity of the violation.


Introduce yourselves in the introduction discussion board and reply to at least two of your peers by the due date in the course schedule. After your introductions, you may use the discussion as an area to talk with your classmates. Introductions are required, and are part of your participation grade.


The course content is divided by modules. Additional resource material is available through the Internet. Each module has a quiz. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for quiz deadlines.


Module 1

Introduction to MRI basics & Chapter 1-How to use this book

Module 2

MRI Safety & Chapter 6-Patient care and safety

Module 3

Chapter 2-Parameters and trade offs

Module 4

Chapter 3-Pulse sequences

Module 5

Chapter 4-Flow phenomena and artefacts

Module 6

Chapter 5-Gating and respiratory compensation techniques

Module 7

Chapter 7-Contrast agents

Module 8

Chapter 8-Head and neck

Module 9

Chapter 9-Spine

Module 10

Chapter 10-Chest

Module 11

Chapter 11-Abdomen

Module 12

Chapter 12-Pelvis

Module 13

Chapter 13-Upper limb

Module 14

Chapter 14-Lower limb

Independent Reading

Students should read each assigned chapter, review any internet resources associated with each chapter, and review the PowerPoint presentations for each module.

Unit Quizzes -23%

When a student has reviewed a module and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to D2L and receive a customized timed module quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions. See the course schedule for the open and close dates for the quizzes.

It is important to know the module content before attempting the module quizzes because they are timed. Quiz scores will be available immediately after a student submits his orher quiz for grading.

All quizzes are open the day that classes begin, so you can work ahead. A target date for each quiz is provided so you can keep abreast of your progress. These are not due dates and the quizzes do not close until the due date in the course schedule. Quizzes not completed by the due date, will receive a zero (0).

The quizzes are designed to encourage practice with the material, so you may take each quiz up to 2 times before the due date of at the end of the course (this does not include the comprehensive final exam). The grade will be an average of the attempts. Note: Only one attempt is required so you do not have to complete the quiz 2 times, however, it is highly recommended as it will give you additional practice with the material for your final exam.

Quizzes not completed by the due dates, may receive a zero (0). If extenuating circumstances have occurred that will prevent you from meeting the due dates, please let me know as soon as possible.

If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the Help link at the top toolbar in D2L, contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff (, and send an email to the course instructor explaining what happened. Screen shots and/or taking a picture of your screen may help in diagnosing the problem

If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send an email to the course instructor that includes the following: Module Quiz Number (I -VI), Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct, Rationale Supporting Why the Student's Answer is Correct,Page numbers must be included when referencing the textbook in a rationale

After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student's quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated.

Observation Assignment -20%

*In addition to instructor approval, Students MUST visit all of the content in Modules 1 and 2 and the associated quizzes before the Observation Assignment Worksheet will be open in your D2L course content.*

    Observation Site Request form

Before beginning this project, fill out the Site Request Form found in the Observation assignment section in D2L. The Site Request Form must have been submitted and you must have received approval by the instructor before completing this assignment. Absolutely No project will be graded if approval has not been given prior to the observation. If there are extenuating circumstances in which you will be unable to visit an MRI facility, you must use the Site Request Form to explain the circumstances, and upon approval, you will be given an alternative assignment.

    The Project

You must make arrangements with an MRI facility on your own to complete this project. Some states will not allow these observations, and an alternative assignment will be given. I will research these on an individual basis as you submit your site request forms.

The project is designed to introduce the student to the MRI clinical environment and allow the student to observe the procedures and protocols he or she is learning about in the course. The project for this course requires no patient contact, but some states laws require that you are current on your immunizations if you will be in the facility.

Using the MRI Observation Worksheet in D2L you will observe and document ten (10) MRI exams with a minimum of four DIFFERENT body parts or exams. For example, a student may submit observations for: 3 non-contrast brain exams, 1 knee exam, 2 shoulder exams, and 4 spine exams (10 total). These observations should be satisfied at a site that has been pre- arranged by the student and should occur AFTER Modules 1 and 2 and their associated quizzes have been successfully completed. A more detailed outline of the observation requirements is available in D2L.

HIPAA requirement: Do not place ANY patient name on your assignments. Any patient name that appears on an assignment will be considered a HIPAA violation and the assignment grade may be dropped to as low as a zero, depending on the severity of the violation.


Submit the completed Observation Assignment Worksheet following these guidelines:

  • The Observation Assignment Worksheet should be typed and saved as a Word document (handwritten submissions will not be graded). If using a MAC the document can be saved as a Word file using these instructions: as-a-microsoft-word-file/ )
  • Students must use the following format as the title of the assignment when saving the document:
  • Lastname_Observation Assignment
  • All assignments must reflect baccalaureate level effort
  • Submit to the dropbox as a single Word document by the due date in the course schedule.

Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such.

MRI Applications Term Paper -25%

This is a 3-5-page research paper (not counting the cover page or references).

The goal of this assignment is to research an MRI applications topic (new procedures or new technology and associated protocols). This is not a pathology report, however, you may use a pathology as the basis for your research regarding new MRI technology, new MRI procedures, and/ or new MRI research.

Choosing a Topic

  • All topics must be approved before you begin your research.
  • When choosing your topic, try to find something that interests you, and would be interesting to either a new or seasoned MRI technologist. It must be something involving MRI applications. You may expand upon material covered in the course, or you may research topics related to course material but not addressed in the units or readings. I do not want to read about basic information from the text. This is a research paper. A reader of your paper should get a sense as to why you found the particular topic about which you are writing interesting, as well as learn about the topic.
  • Search for information about your topic before submitting your topic for approval. If you cannot easily find scholarly sources, I would suggest looking for another topic.
  • Use the MSU Moffett Library databases and Google Scholar to start your search.
  • To avoid replication of this assignment, Students are not allowed to have the same subject as another student, so be sure to check the Discussion Board for availability. “First come, first served.”
  • Once chosen, post your choice on the Discussion Board under the correct category. Place the topic you have chosen in the subject area following the example provided, so that all students can easily view your choice.
  • The topic must be turned in by the due date in the course schedule. The discussion will close at 23:59. Failure to turn in a topic may result in a zero for the entire assignment, as NO assignment will be accepted without topic approval.

Report Requirements

There are specific requirements for this assignment in the course content under the term paper section. Review them thoroughly before beginning your research.

Proctored Final Exam- 30%

Exam Format

  • The final examination is a proctored, "closed-book", comprehensive examination of multiple-choice and short answer questions. The final exam is a timed, ninety minute (90 min) test.
  • The textbook, study guides, and examinations can be utilized to review for the final.
  • The comprehensive proctored final exam will be administered using Desire2Learn (D2L) and ProctorU online proctoring.

What to Bring

  • You may bring scratch paper with only ProctorU’s phone number on it.
  • No smart watches or any other electronic devices will be allowed.
  • Students are not allowed to print the final exam.

ProctorU Scheduling

  • You may schedule your exam for any time within the testing dates in the course schedule. You must have ALL of your course work complete when you take your final or the final will not be accessible in D2L.
  • For ProctorU instructions please read the ProctorU student instruction guide at
  •  Be aware certain equipment is required. Review the ProctorU instructions as soon as possible
  • Contact a ProctorU representative to check your equipment and bandwidth real time before your test date. If anything changes after this check (new computer, updates, ISP changes, etc.), REPEAT the check.
  • ProctorU allows you to take an exam on demand or by appointment. All appointments should be made at least three days in advance. To make an appointment, simply create an account at Once logged in, click on the “new exam” link and select the exam, date, and time you desire. You must submit payment (based on the length of the exam) at that time - usually about $25.00. You will receive an email confirming your reservation at the email address you provided to ProctorU. Reservations made within 72 hours of an exam are subject to a $5 late registration fee. Students without an appointment can take their exam on demand within 15, 30 or 45 minutes by using ProctorU’s convenient Take it Now feature. This premier feature is designed to give students added convenience and costs $8.75. Late registrations and Take It Now features are subject to availability.
  • Be mindful of when you schedule your final exam. If you schedule the exam outside of the 5-day work week (M-F), there may be no one at MSU available to help if you have technical problems. Late submissions will NOT be accepted.

Technical problems

  • If you are disconnected during your exam, you must immediately send an email to your professor, and immediately contact ProctorU by phone. All exams are monitored and a log is created by ProctorU.
  • *All times will be documented! *
  • The exam MUST be taken within the scheduled test dates, regardless of any technical issues that may arise.  This is the student’s responsibility!
  • Late submissions will NOT be accepted.
  • My suggestion is to take the exam during the first days it is available (listed below) to avoid receiving a zero due to technical issues. If you have to reschedule, it must be within the scheduled dates and times.


All course requirements must be completed before a grade is awarded. Students must complete the final and all course work by the dates published in the course schedule.

Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such. Any decision by the instructor is final and there will be no further changes made.


See the course schedule for due dates.

Grading Standards

Grade Scale:
A = 100 - 90
B = 89 - 80
C = 79 - 70
D = 69 – 60
F = 59 and below

Submission Format Policy

• IBM compatible format (not MAC)
• Word 2003 or newer version (Microsoft WORKS or WordPerfect is not acceptable)
• Times New Roman (12 point)
• Double spaced
• 1” margins on all sides
All assignments must reflect baccalaureate level effort. This means that assignments must be written using
standard technical writing skills. This includes appropriate spelling, grammar, sentence structure, transitions,
text flow, currency of knowledge, and scope of research. This assignment must be
submitted as a single Word document attachment to the dropbox. Assignments must be
submitted by the due date indicated at the end of the syllabus.
Students must use the following format as the title of assignment when saving the document:
Example: Jones_MRI-Guided Breast Biopsy

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Students must complete the final (and all course work) by the dates published in the course schedule.

If an assignment is not completed by the due date a “0” will be given for the missing assignment. 

Due Dates: All assignments (excluding the final) are due on Tuesdays. Assignments must be submitted by 23:59 (11:59 pm) Central time on scheduled due dates in the course schedule.

Emergency Extension: If you have a major event such as a death in the family, illness, hospitalization, or other extenuating circumstances, e-mail the instructor at as soon as possible and on or before the scheduled due date. I will grant extensions on an individual basis. If an extension is granted, typically the following guidelines will be followed.

1.) The assignment may be up to one week late and still qualify for full credit. After the one week extension has passed ten points per day can be deducted until the assignment is no longer worth any credit.

2.) When the assignment is completed you must send a follow-up email to let the instructor know it is ready to grade. Failure to notify the instructor could lead to a grade of zero.

3.) Avoid End of Course Late Work: Please note there are University deadlines for submitting grades at the end of the semester. All work must be turned in at least a week before grades must be posted.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

Online Course

Other Policies

Special Needs

In accordance with Section 504 of the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Midwestern State University endeavors to make reasonable adjustments in its policies, practices, services, and facilities to ensure equal opportunity for qualified persons with disabilities to participate in all educational programs and activities.

The Office of Disability Services (ODS) provides information and assistance, arranges accommodations, and serves as a liaison for students, instructors, and staff. The ODS has assistive devices such as books on tape, recorders, and adaptive software which can be loaned to qualified individuals. A student/employee who seeks accommodations on the basis of disability must register with the Office of Disability Services in the Counseling Center, Clark Student Center Room 108.Documentation of disability from a competent professional is required.

Individuals with grievances related to discrimination or lack of accommodation on the basis of a disability are encouraged to resolve the problem directly with the area involved. If the matter remains unresolved, advice and/or assistance will be provided by the Office of Disability Services for resolution. The grievance procedure may be found in the Student Handbook and Activities Calendar.

The Director of the Counseling Center serves as the ADA Coordinator and may be contacted at (940)397-4618, TDD (940)397-4515, or 3410 Taft Blvd., Clark Student Center Room 108.

Administrative Process

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor. If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence:

1.      Interim Chair– Debra Wynne (940) 397-4679

2.      Interim College Dean - Dr. Jeff Killion (940) 397-4594

3.      Dean of Students - Matthew Park (940) 397-7500

Honor System

RADS 4773 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct (refer to page 80 of the MSU Student Handbook). In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breachin academic integrity. A student's participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the current Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.

All components of RADS 4773 are designed to represent the efforts of each student individually and are NOT to be shared, copied, or plagiarized from other sources. When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they abided by this rule.

Cheating includes, but is not limited to,

(1)  Use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations;

(2)  dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or

(3)  The acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may NOT submit papers and assignments that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review the tutorials and suggested websites for more information about plagiarism.

I will be using an online plagiarism checker in this course.

Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, he/she should ask the instructor for clarification. If students are guilty of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) will be given for the quiz, assignment, etc. Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.


By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a "limited right" in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course. The "limited right" shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student’s work/ project in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes.Specifically, faculty may submit student papers and assignments to an external agency to verify originality and authenticity, and to detect for plagiarism.

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at