Course Details

Course Number
Section Number
Summer I 2015
Classroom Number
Days & Times

This is an Internet course.

Dr. Beth Leigh Veal (view Profile)

Course Attachments


Course Objectives


Following completion of this course, the learner should be able to:

  1. Define concept of PACS.
  2. Describe computer processing, storage, and communication.
  3. Identify and relate to PACS terminology
  4. Examine the components of a PACS
  5. Describe workflow, volume/storage capacity and PACS equipment needs.
  6. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of implementing a PACS.

Course Expectations


Course Procedures and Policies

Completion of this course is based upon satisfactory completion of the following criteria:

1. Unit examinations (or Learning Exercises)
2. Portfolio
3. Final examination

This course is divided into individual study units. A unit examination, or Learning Exercise, and/or Additional Assignment accompanies each unit of instruction. Although each unit exam may be an "open book" evaluation of the text, you should first try to answer all questions without referring to the instructional materials. Complete the assignments and/or learning exercises as you finish the unit. Please do not wait until the end of the semester to submit answers or materials for grading. Learning exercises must be completed before you can take the Final exam.


This course will investigate the use of picture archival and communications systems and its impact on health care. Topics will include comparison of computer based records to traditional film records, PACS impact on teleradiology, as will as the acquisition of a system, medical-legal, productivity, image compression, and image storage and retrieval issues.

Course Outline

Units Chapter Exams


Unit I - Computers

Chapters 9 & 10


Unit II - PACS Terminology

No Chapters to read


Unit III - PACS Introduction

Chapters 1 & 2


Unit IV - PACS Analysis

Chapters 11, 12, 14, 15, 16


Unit V - Data flow & Configuration

Chapter 13

No Exam

Unit VI - PACS Project Planning

Chapters 3 & 4


Unit VII - PACS consideration

Chapter 5, 6, 7, 19


Unit VIII - Cost analysis & Storage

No Chapters to read

No Exam

Unit IX - Other PACS issues

Chapter 8, 17, 20, 23

No Exam

 The comprehensive final is a close book test (study hint look over prior unit exams) and will be administered on-line by a Proctor. Please fill out the proctor application form from the link located under learning modules or the course main page. Please submit the completed proctor form by mid-semester for approval. Before you take the final exam you should access the course from you proctors computer to ensure that there will be no problems when testing occurs. Some institutions have a firewall (security) set up that will not allow you to access our MSU web server.

Grading Standards


Your course grade will be based on the following:

Unit Exams: 30%
Research Portfolio: 35%
Final Exam: 35 %
(Closed book)

The following grading scale is used for this course:

90 and above   = A
80-89                = B
70-79               = C
60-69                = D
59 and below    = F

Reminder: Unless you have 12 hours from MSU prior to August 31, 2006, you MUST make a grade of C or higher on all professional courses for them to count toward graduation. A course with a grade of D or lower MUST be repeated.

Final Exam


Submission Format Policy


Portfolio Assignment



For this course you will put together a portfolio to be uploaded as ONE document into the assignment dropbox.  You can find the dropbox under the assignment tab to the left of the course homepage.  The portfolio will be due July 18, 2012 at the latest; you can send it before the due date. It will NOT be returned to you, the portfolio will become university property. You might want to make a copy so you have your own personal PACS reference. If you work on the portfolio as you work through the units of the PACS course, it will not be an overwhelming project. If you wait until the last week of the semester, it WILL! The textbook offers a lot of information that will help you. Also, review information from the course content units.

You will upload your complete, one document portfolio into the Assignment Dropbox. The portfolio will consist of nine separate sections; use some kind of divider to separate each section. For example, you might want just a one page divider that has the section name on it.  All Unit papers are to be typed (double space) and referenced (when appropriate) in APA format .

Your portfolio must be in Word, Times New Roman 12pt. font.  No exceptions.

Portfolio Sections/Chapters

Chapter Assignment


A - Introduction

Write a 1-2 page introduction on PACS (What is PACS about)

B - PACS Terms

Pick at least 25 terms (with definitions - you can use terms from unit II, text book, internet, etc.) you feel would be the most beneficial to someone learning about PACS

C - Teleradiology

Find 2 articles about teleradiology. Write a 2 page summary (using the articles your found and chp. 26 of the text book) stating the similarities and differences between teleradiography and PACS

D - Case Study of a Hospital/Clincs PACS (Site Profiles )

Find 1 article describing a site profile of their PACS. Diagnostic Imaging PACS web site (listed below) has site profiles and virtual tours. Write a 2 page summary of the article.

E - Planning

Find 1 article on planning and 1 article on implementation of PACS. Write a 2 page summary about the articles and tell if you agree and disagree with the authors.

F - PACS Consideration

Write a 2 page paper on how you would persuade your hospital/clinic to invest their time and money in PACS.

G - Model Cost Analysis

See unit VIII from the course content

H - Other PACS Issues

Find 1 article for each of the following: legal issues, security issues, voice recognition, and workstation design. Also, include articles on TWO other areas you think should be considered. Summarize these six articles in a two page paper.

I - Conclusion

Summary on PACS 1 to 2 pages.

If possible, include copies of the articles you use. If not, list the author, title, date, and source of article.  Do not include database information.  The direct link or a copy of the article is required.

Below are two links that will help you find articles on line:

Decisions in Imaging Economics -

Diagnostic Imaging (PACS Web) -

Applied Radiology -


Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy


The portfolio consists of a compilation of activities to be completed throughout the course.  It will not be to your benefit to wait until the last minute to complete your portfolio.  It will take some concerted effort on your part to keep up and I will not take late submission.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements


Course Communications

All communications in this course, be it written (e-mail) or verbal, will be carried out in a professional and courteous manner. You can generally expect a reply from me within 72 hours. Though some replies may require more time, none should take longer than one week. If you do not receive a reply within a week, resubmit your message.

Other Policies


Academic Dishonesty Policy

Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class and may result in suspension or dismissal from this course and from the program. Cases will also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.

Student Honor Creed: "As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else to do so."

Cheating includes, but is not limited to, (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct recognition, the published or unpublished works of another person. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism.

By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a "limited right" in all intellectual property created by the student for the purposes of this course. The "limited right" shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student's work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and educational purposes.

At all times, students are expected to conduct themselves in a professional manner. Professionalism includes establishing positive relationships and interactions with peers, colleagues, and faculty; attending respectfully to others who are sharing information with the class; being flexible to unforeseen changes in schedules and assignments.

Americans with Disabilities ACT (ADA)

The Radiologic Sciences Program at Midwestern State University complies with the ADA in making reasonable accommodations for qualified students with disabilities. If you have an established disability as defined in the ADA and would like to request accommodations, please see the instructor as soon as possible.


Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at