Applied Research

Course Details

Course Number
Section Number
Fall 2014
Days & Times


Kimberly Onstott (view Profile)

Course Attachments


Publication Manual of APA 6th Ed

Course Objectives

Course Objectives:  Upon completion of this course, a student will be able to:

  • Apply appropriate research methods.
  • Formulate an appropriate research question.
  • Compose a publication quality substantive research paper that reviews previously published articles.
  • Format this research paper which is a literature review in appropriate APA style (no original research is allowed).


Course Expectations




Assignment 1: Request for Research Question and Outline Approval Form (5%)

  • Students who took RADS 3503 prior to the fall semester of 2012 may (or may not) use the same topic, keeping in mind if you switch topics, you will be starting from scratch.
  • Student who took RADS 3503 in the fall semester of 2012 and later must change topics/research questions due to the collaborative group assignments now associated with the interdisciplinary research course.


This course only allows topics related to Radiologic Sciences (which emphasize the role of technologists), not topics related to clinical radiology (which emphasize the role of radiologists). For example, “Factors Contributing to Job Satisfaction for MRI Technologists” is acceptable, but “Treatment of Obstructive Bowel Syndrome” is not acceptable. Also, for example, “Position for Radiographic Demonstration of the Trauma Knee” is acceptable, but “Diagnosis of Cerebral Hemorrhage” is not acceptable. Topics cannot deal with subjects that are outside the scope of practice of the radiographer.


The outline should be based on published literature. Students will not develop their own surveys or conduct experiments to write this paper.


Students must complete the Request for Research Question and Outline Approval Form, include a detailed outline of the paper, and include an APA formatted reference list. The assignment must be submitted to the Assignment 1 Dropbox within D2L by the due date. References older than 5 years will generally not be accepted, but depending on the topic, source, etc., this will be at the discretion of the instructor.


All parts of this assignment must be submitted as one single document via the assignment dropbox.


Assignment 2: Title Page (2%)

Review pages 23, 24, 41, & 229 within the APA Manual. Use the sample title page as a guide because it includes additional information not included on the APA version to help distinguish assignments submitted in different classes. The assignment must be submitted to the Assignment 2 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.


Assignment 3: Reference List (10%)

Refer to Chapters 6 and 7 in the APA Manual for an explanation on how to construct a reference list. Also, refer back to RADS 3503; you should have your graded reference list from that class. A minimum of eight (8) scholarly references is required. The assignment must be submitted to the Assignment 3 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.


NOTE ON REFERENCES: References should be from a variety of sources with the majority being from peer-reviewed journals or other scholarly works. Peer-reviewed journals use an editorial board that evaluates the article for accuracy. Publications or magazines like RT Image, Advance, Decisions in Imaging Economics, and Applied Radiology are not peer-reviewed. Journals such as Radiologic Technology, Radiologic Science & Education, and Radiology Management are peer-reviewed. You should be able to look at the inside cover of a journal or on a website to see if the journal has a review board. Most likely if you cannot find anything about a review board, then the journal is not peer-reviewed. The journal homepage should also indicate if the journal is peer-reviewed.


Assignment 4: Body (45%)

The body of this paper will include the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Discussion, Suggestions for Future Research, and Conclusion.  All sections except the Introduction should have a header (see APA Manual, p. 62, Section 3.03). The body of the paper must be no less than 5 pages and no more than 7 full length pages (Times New Roman, 12 point font). An expanded explanation of each component follows:


Introduction: Includes background, purpose, research question, hypothesis (APA Manual, p. 27-28). This is where you develop the reason for the problem. Note: The word Introduction is not used as a header. The first section of the paper is assumed to be the Introduction section.


Methods: Include how references were found and what resources were used. The APA Manual describes methodology for original research. Since no original research is allowed in this course, use the methods section to describe how information was obtained. Example: Searches were conducted using the following key words: knee injuries, radiology, radiography, infection control, (etc. to include all the appropriate search terms). Academic First Search, ERIC, EbscoHost were the primary databases used and were accessed through Midwestern State University’s Moffett Library.


Discussion: (APA Manual, p. 35-36). Compare the literature with the approved research question. This is where all the literature is pulled together so the reader does not have to read each separate source. The writer’s job for this section is to enlighten the reader by synthesizing the literature and reporting on it. For example, one can formulate thoughts based on the literature, but a personal opinion is not appropriate in a research literature review. The writer is reporting on what was found; therefore, it must be supported with reference citations. Do not use personal pronouns such as “I found this…” or “we discovered this…”


Poor Discussion

Firms must take the initiative in retaining gifted and competent employees to effectively deal with this expected predicament. Proactive exploring is the catalyst for discovering various methods that could improve the retention rate of radiologic technologists and provide direction for organizations looking to implement and maintain a successful employee retention program.


Better Discussion

During this literature review, a common theme was evident among many of the authors (Ackerman, 2000; Bated, 2003; Devlin, 2000; Myers, 2006; & Zuckerman, 2007) how organizations must take the initiative in retaining gifted and competent employees. It appears proactive exploring is the catalyst for discovering various methods that could improve the retention rate of radiologic technologists and provide direction for organizations looking to implement and maintain a successful employee retention program. For example, Veale' (2008) said, "Passive attitudes towards employee retention are no longer effective. Health care organizations are bleeding to death by ignoring the loss of talent" (p. 45). 
It seems then the answer to the question of how to keep talent is to contemplate, renovate, innovate, and create new best practices to achieve institutional goals and thereby add to the existing body of knowledge on radiographer retention. Watts (2005) and Johnston (2007) support these notions by strongly encouraging health care organizations to work with employees instead of against them and to actively engage employees in the development of best practices for retention.


Suggestions for Future Research: Explain where the literature was lacking and possible future research studies.


Conclusion: This is where you remind readers of the purpose, what was discovered, and if the findings were in line with the research question. Remember, this section should be no longer than 1 page.


References: Include the reference list you corrected after receiving your instructor’s comments.


Appendices: (if needed, not encouraged). Place any graphics, tables, etc. after the references.


You must include your complete revised reference list with this assignment as part of the document, not separately. The assignment must be submitted as a single document to the Assignment 4 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.


Assignment 5: Abstract (8%)

Refer to pages 25, 26, and 229 in the APA Manual. The abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. Explain what the focus of the paper is and a little about the literature. Sell your paper here. Write something that is going to make people want to read it. The abstract is essentially a snapshot of the entire paper; it is what hooks people and convinces them to continue reading. Write the abstract after you complete the paper. The assignment must be submitted to the Assignment 5 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.


Assignment 6: Final Paper (30%)

This research paper is to be a substantial manuscript (5-7 full length pages for the body). The length of the body of the paper is in addition to the title page, abstract, appendices, and reference list. The paper must reflect baccalaureate level effort and must incorporate the suggestions for revision provided by the instructor for Assignments 1-5. It should demonstrate the student’s ability to gather and discriminate pertinent resources, synthesize information from a variety of sources, apply new information to a topic, and correctly use the APA reference style.


All parts of this assignment must be submitted as one single document through the Assignment 6 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.


Grading Standards


Grade Scale


A =

100 - 90


B =

89 - 80


C =

79 - 70


D =

69 - 60


F =

Below 60


Submission Format Policy


General Assignment Format

This course is divided into six (6) assignments and all assignments must adhere to the following requirements:

  • IBM compatible format (not MAC)
  • Word 97 or newer version (not Microsoft Works, WordPerfect, or Pages)
  • Times New Roman, 12 point font ONLY
  • 1” margins on all sides
  • Double-spaced


The assignments should be written using standard technical writing skills. This includes appropriate spelling, grammar, sentence structure, transitions, text flow, currency of knowledge, and scope of research. Additionally, all submitted work must conform to APA format.

All assignments should be electronically submitted.


Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy


Student Responsibilities

As a student enrolled in this course, you will be responsible for adhering to and meeting posted deadlines and due dates. Posted closing dates along with assignment due dates and deadlines found in the Course Calendar within D2L will be strictly enforced. If an assignment does not meet the posted deadline, a grade of zero (0) will be recorded for that assignment. Extenuating circumstances do occur and will be addressed on an individual basis. NOTE: waiting until the last minute to submit an assignment does not constitute an extenuating circumstance.

Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such


Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

N/A Online Course

Other Policies

Academic Conduct:
Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class and may result in suspension or dismissal from this course and from the program. Cases will also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.

RADS 4913 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct. In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity. A student's participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.

Student Honor Creed:

"As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else to do so."

Cheating includes, but is not limited to, (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct recognition, the published or unpublished works of another person. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism.

By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a "limited right" in all intellectual property created by the student for the purposes of this course. The "limited right" shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student's work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes. (What this paragraph is saying is that we are going to enter your paper into a software program that checks for plagiarism).

Research, by nature, is highly interactive and collaborative with researchers helping each other learn. Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including Internet sites, handouts and module notebooks, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive for life-long learning and productive research. The faculty encourages you to participate in the plagiarism tutorial which can be found on the homepage of this course.

When students submit their paper for grading, they are attesting that they have abided by this rule.

Administrative Process

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor. If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence:

  1. Department Chair: Dr. Jeff Killion (940) 397.4679
  2. College Dean: Dr. James Johnston (940) 397.4594
  3. Dean of Students: Matthew Parks (940) 397.6273


Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at