Sectional Anatomy

Course Details

Course Number
Section Number
Summer I 2014
Days & Times


Kimberly Onstott (view Profile)

Course Attachments


Sectional Anatomy

Course Objectives

Radiologic technologists should demonstrate increased awareness of how the human body is arranged threedimensionally.
This course provides opportunities to recognize relationships between standardized anatomical structures
prior to working with variations found in "live" patients.
Upon completion of this course, a student will:
• Recognize anatomic structures in various planes.
• Relate planar anatomy to line drawings of related cross-sectional anatomy.
• Describe the spatial relationship of one structure to another.
• Differentiate between the appearances of anatomic structures among different modalities such as Computed
Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
• Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each imaging modality for identifying specific pathological

Course Expectations

Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule
and the MSU Academic Calendar. See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. Late
work is not accepted and a zero (0) will be recorded after the due date. I strongly suggest you not push wait to the last
Each unit has a quiz. The first two units (cranium & brain) are typically considered the most challenging.
The course content is divided into Units by chapters. Additional resource material is available through the Internet. See
the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for all deadlines.
Unit 1: Cranium
Unit 2: Brain
Unit 3: Spine and Neck
Unit 4: Thorax
Unit 5: Abdomen
Unit 6: Pelvis
Unit 7: Extremities
Independent Reading Assignments
Students should complete the reading assignments; answer the chapter objectives before taking the open book Unit
quizzes. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for specific information about Unit quiz due dates.
The illustrations in the text are orientated in the same direction as CT and MR scans. The course includes images that are
coronal (front to back), sagittal (side to side), as well as axial or transverse (top to bottom). These should be easy to
• Axial or transverse planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into top and bottom halves. Students
should keep in mind that sectional images are viewed as if the patient is lying on a table and the observer is standing at
the patient's feet and looking “up” at the exposed slice of the body. (The patient’s left side will be on the viewer’s right field
of view) This is the most common image presentation.
• Coronal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior halves,
• Sagittal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into left and right halves,
While the text is more or less self-explanatory, the individual units in the course begin with diagrams relating to planar
anatomy. These diagrams are included to assist the student in becoming familiar with the relationship between the
anatomical structures when viewed in cross-sectional orientation.
D2L Open Book Unit Quizzes - 25%
When a student has reviewed a module and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to D2L and receive a
customized timed unit quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice and/or matching questions. See the course schedule
for the open and close dates for the quizzes.
It is important to know the unit content before attempting the unit quizzes because they are timed. Quiz scores will be
available immediately after a student submits his or her quiz for grading.
All quizzes are open the day that classes begin, so you can work ahead. A target date for each quiz is provided so you
can keep abreast of your progress. These are not due dates and the quizzes do not close until April 20. Quizzes not
completed by April 20, will receive a zero (0). Under NO circumstances will an extension be made to complete quizzes
not completed by the close date. All quizzes must be completed before taking the Final Exam. Students should contact
the instructor in extenuating circumstances; such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis.
If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the Help link at the top toolbar in D2L, contact the
MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email to the course instructor explaining what happened.
Technical issues may occur (cannot see an image, cannot see your grade, etc.). The easiest solution is to see if the issue
can be corrected by simply changing browsers. Internet explorer is a good browser however fewer occurrences have
been noted by using Firefox as a browser for D2L.
If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send
an email to the course instructor that includes the following:
• Unit Quiz Number (1 - 6)
• Question Stem
• Answer Scored as Correct by the Computer
• Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct
• Rationale Supporting Why the Student's Answer is Correct
• Page numbers must be included when referencing the textbook in a rationale
After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student's quiz score will be revised to
reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated. It may take several weeks for the student to receive a
response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.
Sectional Anatomy Assignment - 25%
The purpose of this assignment is to enforce the unremarkable appearance of anatomy as compared to pathological
changes detected on different sectional imaging modalities (CT and MRI).
Students should demonstrate that they have an understanding of the anatomy they chose, but perhaps more importantly,
this assignment provides an opportunity for students to “step back” and see which imaging modality is the most
appropriate for the anatomy and condition being examined to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the patients.
The Sectional Anatomy Assignment is a short PowerPoint demonstration of knowledge. Even though you must follow the
set guidelines for each slide that are described in the submission format below, you can make this presentation as simple
or as interactive as you want.
Topic Approval:
Students will pick one (1) organ, joint, or section of the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar) and an associated specific
pathology to research. Use the bulleted guidelines below when choosing your topic. Students must submit their topic
requests to the appropriate discussion by the due date indicated on the course schedule or a grade of zero (0) for the
entire assignment may be assigned.
• Two students within the same section of the course cannot have the same topic. To avoid duplication, students
can review the discussion board to see anatomy already selected by classmates.
• Students may NOT use anatomy reports submitted previously for other classes. The instructor may not be aware
that a student has previously used a particular topic. Even if the instructor approves the topic for this class and it
is revealed later that the student is using the same topic, the student will receive a zero (0) on this assignment.
Students would be wise to select topics they have not written about in the past. Refer to the Honor System
section of this syllabus, the course instructor, and the links within D2L for more information on academic
• You will be comparing CT and MRI modalities. You should do some research prior to submitting your topic for
approval to determine that your chosen pathology can be imaged using both modalities.
The course instructor will let the student know his/her selected anatomy topic is approved by posting on the discussion
Students must use at least 2 – 5 current sources of information about this anatomy. The sources must be less than five
years old. Students may use textbooks, scholarly journal articles (Radiographics is a great source), or other scholarly
sources for information about the anatomy (including electronic sources). These articles can be retrieved electronically
from databases such as CINAHL which is available through online connection to the Moffett Library.
Students should use only credible medical websites such as NO CUT AND PASTE of text information
from websites. Wikipedia is convenient for casual use, but it is NOT a reliable source for this report because it is “open
source.” This means that anyone can modify the content on the website so you might be using information from the
website that is not current or accurate. There are guides on researching databases in the content section of this course,
labeled “Resources”.
Assignment Format:
Students must identify the reliable sources they used to create the assignment using appropriate APA format for the
reference page. You do not need to include in-text citations. For help with APA formatting for the reference page, students
should review the 6th edition of the APA Manual and other resources such as The OWL at Purdue website. This is a quick reference and not as detailed as the writing manual.
The assignment must be submitted in a legible font (e.g. Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman are acceptable – Courier,
Verbena, or other “fancy” fonts are not acceptable
For this assignment, the intended reader is a staff radiographer. Students should prepare this assignment based on what
the typical staff radiographer already knows. For example, students do NOT need to explain how x-rays were discovered
or how they are produced to support that a CT chest with contrast is the most valuable study to see the thoracic aorta.
Organization, flow, and grammar count as part of the report grade. The assignment MUST address all criteria listed and in
the order given below. DO NOT include any more slides than what are listed for this assignment. You are to extrapolate
information and properly summarize it. Slides must be written at a baccalaureate level.
Submission Format:
The assignment must contain and be limited to the following slides:
Slide 1: A title page that includes:
• The name of the pathology
• The name of the student
• University affiliation
• Course number and section
• Date
• Instructor’s name
Slide 2: Identify the pathology and give a brief description of important information regarding the pathology.
Slide 3: Diagnostic procedures. Briefly explain the steps needed to produce an image in both modalities. This should
include items such as patient position, contrast used and how much, region of interest, etc. Do not go into a lengthy
discussion. You do not need to say remove all jewelry, articles of clothing and so forth.
Slide 4: CT imaging comparison. Show a “normal” section of anatomy and compare it to an image demonstrating your
chosen pathology. Identify all pertinent anatomical structures in both images using labels. Do not forget to identify the
Slide 5: MRI imaging. Use the same criteria as in slide 4.
Slide 6: Conclusion. Determine from your research, the best modality that would aid the radiologist/physician in terms
of diagnosis and treatment and why.
Slide 7: References. The References list must be in APA format according to the 6th edition APA Manual
To allow sufficient time for grading and providing feedback, late submissions will NOT be accepted. Any assignment not
submitted or submitted after the deadline will be assessed a grade of zero “0”.
Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have
been graded.
The PowerPoint must be submitted as one document.
Students must use the following format as the title of the assignment when saving the document:
Example: Jones_Abdomnial aneurysm
Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such.
Comprehensive Final Exam - 50%
All quizzes must be completed before the Final Exam is taken. The comprehensive proctored final exam will be
administered using Desire2Learn (D2L) and ProctoU online proctoring. I will not be using traditional proctor sites for this
course. For ProctorU instructions please read the ProctorU student instruction guide included in the content section of
this course, and you may also follow the link below.
Students are not allowed to print the final exam. The exam is two (2) hours in length and consists of 10 random questions
that may be matching, multiple choice, or a mixture of both. The questions have been derived from the entire content of
this course. The Final Exam is CLOSED BOOK. No textbooks or notes may be used.

Grading Standards

Grade Scale:
A = 100 - 90
B = 89 - 80
C = 79 - 70
D = 69 – 60
F = 59 and below

Submission Format Policy

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Students must complete the final (and all course work) by the

dates published in the course schedule.

If a quiz is not completed by the DUE DATE a “0” will be given for the

missing quiz. The dates in the syllabus reflect goal dates for quizzes to be completed in order to progress through the

course in a timely manner. If the student does not complete the quizzes by a goal date there will be no grade penalty

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions. However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto
D2L. Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner. Always check the
news section at the top of the homepage. If nothing appears, click on the title or the arrow to review any information that
may have been added.

Other Policies

Honor System:
RADS 4733 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct. In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in
academic integrity. A student’s participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be
completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the current Student
Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.
Many components of RADS 4733 are designed to be highly interactive with students helping each other learn. Students
are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including online D2L course resources, Internet sites,
other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers when answering objectives. This interactive collegial learning
environment is conducive for life-long learning.
All components of RADS 4733 are designed to represent the efforts of each student INDIVIDUALLY and NOT to be
shared, copied, or plagiarized from other sources. When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they
abided by this rule.
Please note: Cheating includes, but is not limited to, (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or
examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers,
preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic
materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text
and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may NOT submit assignments
that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in
"selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review the tutorials and suggested websites for more
information about plagiarism.
Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of
whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, he/she should ask the instructor for clarification.
If determined, all students who are guilty of any form of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) will be given for the quiz,
assignment, etc. Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.
By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a “limited right” in all intellectual property created
by the student for the purpose of this course. The “limited right” shall include but shall not be limited to the right
to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational
purposes. Specifically, faculty may submit student papers

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at