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General Chemistry II

Course Details

Course Number
Section Number
Fall 2018
Dillard College of Business Administration
Classroom Number
Days & Times

MWF  10:00 am

Dr. Randal L. Hallford (view Profile)


General Chemistry
Course Objectives

                                                             Lecture Outline


Source – B,L,B 11‑thed.                                                                                                     Chapters

I. Phases of Matter

            A) Quantitative Phase Change                                                   Chap. 11, 13

1.     Kinetic-molecular aspects

2.     Equilibrium

3.     Phase diagrams

B) Types of Intermolecular Forces

                        1.   Ion-dipole

                        2.   Dipole-dipole

                        3.   Hydrogen bond

4.      Polarizability and dispersion forces

C) Properties of the liquid state

            1.  Surface tension, viscosity, capillarity

D) Water

1.      As a solvent

2.      Thermal properties

3.      Density

                        3.   Periodic properties

            E) The Solid State

1.      Structural character

2.      Properties of solids

3.      X-ray diffraction

4.      MO Band theory

                 Problems: Chp 11 

II. Mixtures                                                                                          Chap. 13: all sections

            A) Solutions

1.   Solubility

                        2.   Liquid solutions and polarity

4.      Gas and solid solutions

B) Energy changes

C) Equilibrium and temperature, pressure


1.      Molarity and molality

2.      Parts per million

E) Colligative properties

1.      Finding Molar Mass

2.      Nonelectrolytes

3.      Electrolytes


IV. Kinetics                                                                              Chap. 14: all sections

            A. Rate law

                        1. Determining the initial rate

                        2. Reaction order

                        3. Rate constant

            B) Integrated rate laws

                        1. First, second, and zero order reactions

                        2. Determining rate law from integrated rate law

                        3. Half life

            C) The effect of temperature on the reaction rate

            D) Effect of concentration and temperature : theory

1.      Collision theory

2.      Transition state

3.      Activation energy

E) Reaction mechanisms

1.      Molecularity

2.      Rate determining step

3.      Correlation of mechanism and rate law

F) Catalysis

            1.  Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis

                 Problems Chp 14:

V. Equilibrium and the Extent of Reactions                                        Chap. 15: all sections

            A) Dynamics of reactions

            B) Reaction quotient, equilibrium constant

            C) The relation between Kc and Kp: Pressure of equilibrium states

            D) Comparing Q and K:predicting direction of reactions

            E) Solving equilibrium problems

            F) LeChatelier’s principle

                 Problems Chp 15:

VI. Acid-Base Equilibria                                                                      Chap. 16: all sections

            A) Acids and bases in water

                        1. Classical acid base definition and H+ , OH- formation

                        2. Acid dissociation constant, Ka

                        3. Strengths of acids and bases

            B) The pH scale and ionization

1.      auto ionization equilibrium and Kw

2.      Hydronium ion concentration and the pH scale

            C) Bronstead-Lowry and proton transfer

                        1. Conjugate acid-base pair

                        2. Direction of reaction

            D) Weak acid equilibria

                        1. Finding Ka from concentration

                        2. Effect of concentration on Ka  and extent of dissociation

            E) Weak bases

                        1.    Ammonia and amines

2.anions of weak acids and bases

3.      Relationship between Ka and Kb of a conjugate pair

F) Molecular properties and acid strength

1.      Trends in non-metal hydrides

2.      Trends in oxoacids

3.      Acidity of hydrated metal ions

G) Acid-Base properties of salts

1.      Salts yielding neutral solutions

2.      Salts yielding acidic and basic solutions

3.      Salts of weakly acidic cations and weakly basic anions

H) The leveling effect

I) The Lewis acid base definition

1.      Molecules as Lewis acids

2.     metal cations as Lewis acids

               Problems Chp 16:    

VII. Ionic Equilibria                                                                                          Chap. 17:all sections

            A) Acid-base buffer systems

                        1. Common ion effect

                        2. Henderson-Hasselbach equation

                        3. Buffers

            B) Titration curves

1.      Indicators

2.      Strong and weak acid curves

3.      Polyprotic acid curve

4.      Amino acids

            C) Slightly soluble ionic compounds

                        1.   Ion product Qsp and solubility product constant Ksp

2.   Effect of common ions

3.      Effect of pH on solubility

4.      Predicting formation of precipitates

            D) Complex ion equilibrium

            E) Qualitative analysis

                Problems Chp 17:

VIII. Thermodynamics                                                                                     Chap. 19: all sections

            A) spontaneous change: second law

                        1.    First law

2.      Disorder and entropy

3.      Standard molar enthalpies and 3rd law

            B) Free energy and work

            C) Free energy, equilibrium and reaction direction

                Problems Chp 19:

IX. Electrochemistry                                                                                        Chap. 20: all sections

            A) Half reactions

            B) Voltaic cells

1.      Construction

2.      Notation

C) Cell potential

D) Free energy and electrical work       

                        1. Equilibrium constant

                        2. Concentration effects on cell potential

                        3. Potential and the relation between K and Q

            E) Electrolytics

Course Expectations

Textbook:    Mandatory:  Openstaxx General Chemistry Download text

Supplemental Instruction:  Sapling Learning systems Homework package

Web Page:


Prerequisite: Completion of Math 1233 (College Algebra) and General Chemistry 1 1143. Corequisite: CHEM 1241


Grading Standards


Grading       Grades will be assigned as follows:

Scale:          A:  90-100%; B:  80-89%; C:  70-79%; D:  55-69%; F: <55%

Under no circumstances will make-up exams or extra assignments be given. One missed exam may be made up based on the comprehensive final exam (substitute final score for missed exam score) If unavoidable medical circumstances exist.

The evaluation of student material is the domain of the instructor. Standard grading policy is followed without exception. Exam errors will be handled by removing the required points from the exam total, but credited if answered correctly for multiple choice format questions. The class average will be determined by the performance of the class with adjustment to an average of 64%. We will adhere to MSU’s standard policy. Refer to the MSU website calendar for any important campus-wide dates, such as the final exam date.


Questions about the grading of any assignment should be brought to the instructor within one week after the assignment is returned. Scores are reported after each exam. Final grades for the course are reported by the Registrar’s office at the end of the semester.

Submission Format Policy Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.
Late Paper Policy

no late work is accepted.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

attendance to class is required.

Other Policies

The use of electronic devices in class is not allowed except for a non-graphing scientific calculator

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

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