Applied Research

Course Details

Course Number
Section Number
Spring 2018
Days & Times


Kimberly Onstott (view Profile)

Course Attachments


APA Manual

Course Objectives

Course Objectives: 

Upon completion of this course, a student will be able to:

  • Apply appropriate research methods.
  • Formulate an appropriate research question.
  • Compose a publication quality substantive research paper that reviews previously published articles.
  • Format this research paper which is a literature review in appropriate APA style (no original research is allowed).


Course Expectations

Assignment 1: Request for Research Question Approval Form (3%)

Students will complete the Request for Research Question and Outline Approval Form. Using the form, students will:

1.      Develop an appropriate research question based on the previously chosen topic and by following the guide for formulating a research question found in the course content.

2.      Develop an appropriate title for his/her literature review based on the previously chosen topic and research question following the APA Manual section 2.01 page 23.

3.      Research the topic and find at least 8 related, up-to-date, peer-reviewed sources that will be used for writing the literature review. Using the sources, the student will develop an APA formatted reference list following the APA Publication Manual criteria sections 6.22-7.07 pages 180-224.

  •  All references must not be more than 5 years old: References older than 5 years will generally not be accepted, but depending on the topic, source, etc., this will be at the discretion of the instructor.
  •  All references must be about the chosen topic
  •  All references must be peer-reviewed
  • All references must be in APA format
  • A minimum of 8 references are required

4.      Develop an outline using the Sample Outline instructions and template in the course. The student must use the template for this course. The outline will be used to develop the paper for the rest of this course so the flow of information should be logical and should include enough information so that the professor knows exactly which direction the paper is going. Note:This is a literature review; therefore, students will not develop their own surveys or conduct experiments to write this paper.

5.      In the outline, the student must designate at least two, but preferably three of the references found that he or she will be using for each major section of the body of the paper. This will be done by including APA formatted in-text citations next to the appropriate outline headings. These should appear exactly as they will appear as APA in-text citations in the student’s paper. Use the APA Manual as a guide, sections 6.11-6.21 pages 174-179. A minimum of eight references overall are required.

The assignment must be submitted to the Assignment 1 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.  All three parts of this assignment must be submitted as one single document via the assignment dropbox.

Assignment 2: Title Page (2%)

Review pages 23, 24, 41, & 229 within the APA Manual. Use the sample title page as a guide because it includes additional information not included on the APA version to help distinguish assignments submitted in different classes. The assignment must be submitted to the Assignment 2 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.

Assignment 3: Reference List (10%)

In this assignment, the student will create an APA formatted reference list using the references that will be used in the next assignment for synthesizing and writing information for the body of the paper. All references listed must be used in the paper. This assignment will evaluate your ability to create a reference page in correct APA format.

Refer to Chapters 6 and 7 in the APA Manual, watch the video tutorial, and refer back to the reference list that you created in 3503 Research. You should have your graded reference list from that class.

A minimum of eight (8) scholarly references are required. The assignment must be submitted to the Assignment 3 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.

Note: References should be from a variety of sources using peer-reviewed journals or other scholarly works. Peer-reviewed journals use an editorial board that evaluates the article for accuracy. Publications or magazines like RT Image, Advance, Decisions in Imaging Economics, and Applied Radiology are not peer-reviewed. Journals such as Radiologic Technology, Radiologic Science & Education, and Radiology Management are peer-reviewed. You should be able to look at the inside cover of a journal or on a website to see if the journal has a review board. Most likely, if you cannot find anything about a review board, then the journal is not peer-reviewed. The journal homepage should also indicate if the journal is peer-reviewed.

Assignment 4: Body (45%)

This assignment will include a corrected title page, the body of the paper, and a corrected reference list.

The body of this paper will include all of the following sections:

  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Discussion (with at least 3 main points)
  • Conclusion
  •  Suggestions for Future Research

All sections except the Introduction should have a heading (see APA Manual, p. 62, Section 3.03).

This is an evaluation of your ability to synthesize published literature in a literature review. Copying the work of any of the authors is not permitted. You must use your own words to give an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers.

The body of the paper must be no less than 5 full length pages and no more than 7 full length pages (Times New Roman, 12-point font). An expanded explanation of each component follows.


Includes background, purpose, research question, hypothesis (APA Manual, p. 27-28). This is where you develop the reason for the problem. Note: The word ‘Introduction’ is not used as a header. The first section of the paper is assumed the Introduction section. The title of the paper precedes the introduction section. See the APA Manual for correct formatting.


Include how the references were found and what resources were used. The APA Manual describes methodology for original research. Since no original research is allowed in this course, use the methods section to describe how information was obtained. Example: Searches were conducted using the following key words: knee injuries, radiology, radiography, infection control, (etc. to include all the appropriate search terms). Academic First Search, ERIC, EbscoHost were the primary databases used and were accessed through Midwestern State University’s Moffett Library.

Discussion (APA Manual p. 35-36)

Using all of the references found, compare the literature with the approved research question. This is where all the literature is pulled together so the reader does not have to read each separate source.

The writer’s job for this section is to enlighten the reader by synthesizing the literature and reporting on it. Synthesis of material means that information gathered from more than one author, typically 3 or more for each main idea, is compared and contrasted. Common themes and areas of controversy are important and should be discussed.

For example, one can formulate thoughts based on the literature, but a personal opinion is not appropriate in a research literature review. The writer is reporting on what was found; therefore, it must be supported with reference in-text citations. Do not use personal knowledge or personal pronouns such as “I found this…” or “we discovered this…”

Poor Discussion

Firms must take the initiative in retaining gifted and competent employees to effectively deal with this expected predicament. Proactive exploring is the catalyst for discovering various methods that could improve the retention rate of radiologic technologists and provide direction for organizations looking to implement and maintain a successful employee retention program.

Better Discussion

In much of the literature, a common theme was evident among many of the authors (Ackerman, 2000; Bated, 2003; Devlin, 2000; Myers, 2006; & Zuckerman, 2007) how organizations must take the initiative in retaining gifted and competent employees. It appears proactive exploring is the catalyst for discovering various methods that could improve the retention rate of radiologic technologists and provide direction for organizations looking to implement and maintain a successful employee retention program. For example, Veale' (2008) said, "Passive attitudes towards employee retention are no longer effective. Health care organizations are bleeding to death by ignoring the loss of talent" (p. 45).

It seems then the answer to the question of how to keep talent is to contemplate, renovate, innovate, and create new best practices to achieve institutional goals and thereby add to the existing body of knowledge on radiographer retention. Watts (2005) and Johnston (2007) support these notions by strongly encouraging health care organizations to work with employees instead of against them and to actively engage employees in the development of best practices for retention.


This is where you remind readers of the purpose, what was discovered, and if the findings were in line with the research question. Remember, this section should be no longer than 1 page, but should include at least more than one paragraph.

Suggestions for Future Research

Explain what was not found in the published literature that could contribute to this topic. When you were researching this topic, what questions did you have that you could not find an answer for in the research. What was lacking and what possible future research studies would you suggest.


Include an updated reference list with any needed corrections and additions from Assignment 1. Be sure to make the revisions received by your instructor. Remember, if you do not cite your information in the text you cannot include it in your reference list and vice versa. After writing make sure you have actually used and cited 8 references.

Appendices (if needed, not encouraged)

Place any graphics, tables, etc. after the references.

You must include your completed revised title page and reference list with this assignment as part of the document, not separately. The assignment must be submitted as a single document to the Assignment 4 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.

Assignment 5: Abstract (10%)

The student will develop an abstract that will be included in the final version of the student's literature review. This assignment is an evaluation of your ability to sum up your paper in one paragraph. Refer to pages 25, 26, and 229 in the APA Publication Manual on writing an abstract.

The abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. Explain what the focus of the paper is and a little about the literature. Sell your paper here. Write something that is going to make people want to read it. The abstract is essentially a snapshot of the entire paper; it is what hooks people and convinces them to continue reading.

Write the abstract after you complete the body of the paper. The assignment must be submitted to the Assignment 5 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.

Assignment 6: Final Paper (30%)

For the final assignment in this course, all parts of the literature review will be compiled into a completed research paper.

  • All revisions suggested by the professor in previous assignments are expected to have been made.
  • The paper must reflect baccalaureate level effort and must incorporate the suggestions for revision provided by the instructor for Assignments 1-5.
  • This paper should demonstrate the student’s ability to gather and discriminate pertinent resources, synthesize information from a variety of sources, apply new information to a topic, and correctly use the APA reference style.
  •  All parts of this assignment must be submitted as one single document through the Assignment 6 Dropbox within D2L by the due date.
  • This assignment will include:
  • Title page-corrected 1 page
  • Abstract page-updated and corrected 1 page
  • Body pages corrected-5-7 full length pages with at least 3 main points expanded upon. The length of the body of the paper is in addition to the title page, abstract, appendices, and reference list. The parts of the body are:
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Suggestions for Future Research
  • Reference List updated and corrected 1-2 pages

All course requirements must be completed before a grade is awarded. Students must complete the final and all course work by the dates published in the course schedule.

Grading Standards

Grade Distribution

  • 3% Research Question Approval Form

  • 2% Title Page

  • 10% Reference List

  • 45% Body of Paper

  • 10% Abstract

  • 30% Final Paper

Grade Scale

F=59 and below

Submission Format Policy

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Late Work

Due Dates

Most assignments are due on Tuesdays (see Important Course Dates above). Assignments must be submitted by 23:59 (11:59 pm) Central Standard Time, on scheduled due dates in the course schedule. RADS 4913-X20 Principles of Computed Tomography Spring 2018 5 If a student fails to meet a deadline the student will receive no credit for the assignment not submitted on time.


Each assignment in this course builds off of the previous assignment. If any assignment has not been completed NO other assignments after that assignment will be accepted for grading. It is the student’s responsibility to consult with the professor if an assignment due date has been missed.

Emergency Extension

If you have a major event such as a death in the family, illness, hospitalization, or other extenuating circumstances, email the professor at as soon as possible and on or before the scheduled due date. I will grant extensions on an individual basis. If an extension is granted, typically the following guidelines will be followed.

  1. The assignment may be up to one week late and still qualify for full credit. After the one-week extension has passed, ten points per day can be deducted until the assignment is no longer worth any credit.
  2. When the assignment is completed, you must send a follow-up email to let the professor know it is ready to grade. Failure to notify the professor could lead to a grade of zero.
  3. Avoid End of Course Late Work: Please note there are University deadlines for submitting grades at the end of the semester. All work must be turned in at least a week before grades must be posted.
  4. If a course includes interaction between students in the discussion board, and if extenuating circumstances will prevent you from participating, an alternate assignment may be considered at the discretion of the professor.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions. However, the student should be vigilant in logging in to D2L. The student should expect to log in at least 3 times per week. Regular checks will ensure that messages from the professor are received in a timelymanner. This course is on a schedule that will be strictly adhered to. 

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at