Sectional Anatomy

Course Details

Course Number
Section Number
Spring 2017
Days & Times


Kimberly Onstott (view Profile)

Course Attachments


Course Objectives

Radiologic technologists should demonstrate increased awareness of how the human body is arranged threedimensionally.
This course provides opportunities to recognize relationships between standardized anatomical structures
prior to working with variations found in "live" patients.
Upon completion of this course, a student will:
• Recognize anatomic structures in various planes.
• Relate planar anatomy to line drawings of related cross-sectional anatomy.
• Describe the spatial relationship of one structure to another.
• Differentiate between the appearances of anatomic structures among different modalities such as Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
• Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each imaging modality for identifying specific pathological

Course Expectations

Class Activities and Assignments

All students enrolled in RADS 4733 must complete all course requirements.

Order of Content

Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. Each Module has a quiz and a labeling exercise.  Be sure to read the chapters in your textbook!

Semester Long Activities

The PowerPoint presentation should be worked on throughout the semester to avoid a compilation of work at the end of the semester. 

Late Work

If extenuating circumstances occur that may cause a delay in completing an assignment or quiz by the deadline the student should contact the instructor before the assignment is due; such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis.

HIPAA requirement

Do not place ANY patient name on your assignments. Any proper name that appears on an assignment, other than yours will be considered a HIPAA violation and the assignment grade may be dropped to as low as a zero, depending on the severity of the violation.


Please introduce yourselves in the introduction discussion board. There are a wide variety of technologists in this course from entry-level to seasoned technologists, and a wide variety of technologists with experience in differing modalities. Please share your experience and connect with each other to enhance your learning.

Students may continue to use this discussion area to talk, network, or to ask each other questions.


Each module has a quiz.  The cranium and brain modules are typically considered the most challenging.

The course content is divided into Modules by chapters. Additional resource material is available through the Internet. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for all deadlines.

Module 1-Introduction to Planar Anatomy

Module 2: Cranium

Module 3: Brain

Module 4: Spine and Neck

Module 5: Thorax

Module 6: Abdomen

Module 7: Pelvis

Module 8: Extremities

Note: Module 8 does not have Module notes associated with it.  Instead, there are interactive images of the anatomy listed under the Module 8 Extremities file.

With each Module there are interactive labeling activities to reinforce your learning. Although the labeling activities are not graded, they are highly recommended. You may attempt these as many times as needed, and you may refer back to them at any time during this course.

Once you feel comfortable with the Module notes, the associated pages in your textbook, and the learning activities, you should complete the associated Module exams.

Independent Reading Assignments

Students should complete the reading assignments listed in the Module notes, and answer the chapter objectives before taking the open book Module quizzes. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for specific information about Module quiz due dates.

The illustrations in the text are orientated in the same direction as CT and MR scans. The course includes images that are coronal (front to back), sagittal (side to side), as well as axial or transverse (top to bottom). These should be easy to differentiate.

  • Axial or transverse planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into top and bottom halves. Students should keep in mind that sectional images are viewed as if the patient is lying on a table and the observer is standing at the patient's feet and looking “up” at the exposed slice of the body. (The patient’s left side will be on the viewer’s right field of view) This is the most common image presentation.
  • Coronal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior halves
  • Sagittal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into left and right halves

While the text is more or less self-explanatory, the individual Modules in the course begin with diagrams relating to planar anatomy. These diagrams are included to assist the student in becoming familiar with the relationship between the anatomical structures when viewed in cross-sectional orientation.

D2L Open Book Module Quizzes - 25%

Once you feel comfortable with the Module notes, the associated pages in your textbook, and the learning activities, you should complete the associated Module exams. When a student is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to D2L and receive a customized timed Module quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice and/or matching questions. See the course schedule for the open and close dates for the quizzes.

It is important to know the Module content before attempting the Module quizzes because they are timed.  Quiz scores will be available immediately after a student submits his or her quiz for grading. 

All quizzes are open the day that classes begin, so you can work ahead.  A target date for each quiz is provided so you can keep abreast of your progress.  These are not due dates and the quizzes do not close until the close date in the course schedule.  Quizzes not completed by the close date, will receive a zero (0).  Under NO circumstances will an extension be made to complete quizzes not completed by the close date.  All quizzes must be completed before taking the Final Exam.  Students should contact the instructor in extenuating circumstances; such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis (see the section on late work above).

If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the Help link at the top toolbar in D2L, contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email right away to the professor explaining what happened.

Technical issues may occur (cannot see an image, cannot see your grade, etc.). The easiest solution is to see if the issue can be corrected by simply changing browsers. Internet explorer is a good browser however fewer occurrences have been noted by using Firefox as a browser for D2L.

If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send an email to the course instructor that includes the following:

  • Module Quiz Number (1 - 7)
  • Question Stem
  • Answer Scored as Correct by the Computer
  • Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct
  • Rationale Supporting Why the Student's Answer is Correct
  • Page numbers must be included when referencing the textbook in a rationale

After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student's quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated. It may take several weeks for the student to receive a response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.

Sectional Anatomy Assignment - 25%

The Sectional Anatomy Assignment is a short PowerPoint demonstration of knowledge.

The purpose of this assignment is to enforce the unremarkable appearance of anatomy as compared to pathological changes detected on different sectional imaging modalities (CT and MRI).

Students should demonstrate that they have an understanding of the anatomy they chose, but perhaps more importantly, this assignment provides an opportunity for students to “step back” and see which imaging modality is the most appropriate for the anatomy and condition being examined to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the patients.

PowerPoint Requirements

There are specific requirements for this assignment in the course content under the PowerPoint assignment section. Review them thoroughly before beginning your research.

Early submissions are appreciated; however, the grades will not be posted until after the due date. To allow sufficient time for grading and providing feedback, late submissions for this assignment will NOT be accepted. Any assignment not submitted or submitted after the deadline will be assessed a grade of zero “0”. Students should contact the instructor in extenuating circumstances; such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis (see the section on late work above).

Choosing a Topic

  • All topics must be approved before you begin your research.
  • Students will pick one (1) organ, joint, or section of the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar) and an associated specific pathology to research.
  • You will be comparing CT and MRI modalities. You should do some research prior to submitting your topic for approval to determine that your chosen pathology can be imaged using both modalities.
  • Two students cannot have the same topic. To avoid duplication, students should review the discussion board to see anatomy already selected by classmates. First come first served.
  • Students may NOT use anatomy reports submitted previously for other classes. The instructor may not be aware that a student has previously used a particular topic. Even if the instructor approves the topic for this class and it is revealed later that the student is using the same topic, the student will receive a zero (0) on this assignment. Students would be wise to select topics they have not written about in the past. Refer to the Honor System section of this syllabus, the course instructor, and the links within D2L for more information on academic dishonesty.
  • Students must submit their topic requests to the appropriate discussion by the due date indicated on the course schedule or a grade of zero (0) for the entire assignment may be assigned.
  • The course instructor will let the student know his/her selected anatomy topic is approved by posting on the discussion board.

Comprehensive Final Exam - 50%

All quizzes must be completed before the Final Exam is taken. *Note* the final exam will not be available to ProctorU until all of the quizzes have been attempted. If the student has missed a quiz, it is the student’s responsibility to contact the professor for permission to take the final. It will be at the discretion of the professor to allow the student to take the final exam.

  Exam Format

  • The final examination is a proctored, "closed-book", comprehensive examination
  • The exam is two (2) hours in length and consists of 14 random questions that may be matching, multiple choices, or a mixture of both. 
  • The questions have been derived from the entire content of this course.  Review all of the quizzes, the Module notes, the learning activities, and the textbook.
  • The comprehensive proctored final exam will be administered using Desire2Learn (D2L) and ProctorU online proctoring.

  What to Bring

  • You may bring scratch paper with only ProctorU’s phone number on it.
  • No smart watches or any other electronic devices will be allowed.
  • Students are not allowed to print the final exam.

ProctorU Scheduling

  • You may schedule your exam for any time within the testing dates in the course schedule. You must have ALL of your course work complete when you take your final or the final will not be accessible in D2L.
  • For ProctorU instructions please read the ProctorU student instruction guide at
  • Be aware certain equipment is required. Review the ProctorU instructions as soon as possible.
  • Contact a ProctorU representative to check your equipment and bandwidth real time before your test date. If anything changes after this check (new computer, updates, ISP changes, etc.), REPEAT the check.
  •  ProctorU allows you to take an exam on demand or by appointment. All appointments should be made at least three days in advance. To make an appointment, simply create an account at Once logged in, click on the “new exam” link and select the exam, date, and time you desire. You must submit payment (based on the length of the exam) at that time - usually about $25.00. You will receive an email confirming your reservation at the email address you provided to ProctorU. Reservations made within 72 hours of an exam are subject to a $5 late registration fee. Students without an appointment can take their exam on demand within 15, 30 or 45 minutes by using ProctorU’s convenient Take It Now feature. This premier feature is designed to give students added convenience and costs $8.75. Late registrations and Take it Now features are subject to availability.
  • Be mindful of when you schedule your final exam. If you schedule the exam outside of the 5-day work week (M-F), there may be no one at MSU available to help if you have technical problems. Late submissions will NOT be accepted.

  Technical problems

  • If you are disconnected during your exam, you must immediately send an email to your professor, and immediately contact ProctorU by phone. All exams are monitored and a log is created by ProctorU.
  •  *All times will be documented! *
  •  The exam MUST be taken within the scheduled test dates, regardless of any technical issues that may arise.  This is the student’s responsibility!
  • Late submissions will NOT be accepted.
  •  My suggestion is to take the exam during the first days it is available (listed below) to avoid receiving a zero (0) due to technical issues.  If you have to reschedule, it must be within the scheduled dates and times.

All course requirements must be completed before a grade is awarded. Students must complete the final and all course work by the dates published in the course schedule.

Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such. Any decision by the instructor is final and there will be no further changes made

Please see the Course Schedule for due dates.


Grading Standards

Grade Scale:
A = 100 - 90
B = 89 - 80
C = 79 - 70
D = 69 – 60
F = 59 and below

Submission Format Policy

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Students must complete the final (and all course work) by the dates published in the course schedule. If a quiz is not completed by the DUE DATE a “0” will be given for the missing quiz. The dates in the syllabus reflect goal dates for quizzes to be completed in order to progress through the course in a timely manner. If the student does not complete the quizzes by a goal date there will be no grade penalty

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions. However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto
D2L. Regular checks will ensure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner. Always check the
news section at the top of the homepage. If nothing appears, click on the title or the arrow to review any information that
may have been added.

Other Policies

Special Needs

In accordance with Section 504 of the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Midwestern State University endeavors to make reasonable adjustments in its policies, practices, services, and facilities to ensure equal opportunity for qualified persons with disabilities to participate in all educational programs and activities.

The Office of Disability Services (ODS) provides information and assistance, arranges accommodations, and serves as a liaison for students, instructors, and staff. The ODS has assistive devices such as books on tape, recorders, and adaptive software which can be loaned to qualified individuals. A student/employee who seeks accommodations on the basis of disability must register with the Office of Disability Services in the Counseling Center, Clark Student Center Room 108.Documentation of disability from a competent professional is required.

Individuals with grievances related to discrimination or lack of accommodation on the basis of a disability are encouraged to resolve the problem directly with the area involved. If the matter remains unresolved, advice and/or assistance will be provided by the Office of Disability Services for resolution. The grievance procedure may be found in the Student Handbook and Activities Calendar.

The Director of the Counseling Center serves as the ADA Coordinator and may be contacted at (940)397-4618, TDD (940)397-4515, or 3410 Taft Blvd., Clark Student Center Room 108.

Administrative Process

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor. If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence:

  1. Interim Chair– Debra Wynne (940) 397-4679
  2. Interim College Dean - Dr. Jeff Killion (940) 397-4594
  3. Dean of Students - Matthew Park (940) 397-7500

Honor System

RADS 4733 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct (refer to page 80 of the MSU Student Handbook). In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity. A student's participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the current Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.

All components of RADS 4733 are designed to represent the efforts of each student individually and are NOT to be shared, copied, or plagiarized from other sources. When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they abided by this rule.

Cheating includes, but is not limited to,

(1) Use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations;

(2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or

(3) The acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may NOT submit papers and assignments that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review tutorials and suggested websites for more information about plagiarism.

I will be using an online plagiarism checker in this course.

Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, he/she should ask the instructor for clarification. If students are guilty of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) will be given for the quiz, assignment, etc. Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.


By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a "limited right" in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course. The "limited right" shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student’s work/ project in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes. Specifically, faculty may submit student papers and assignments to an external agency to verify originality and authenticity, and to detect for plagiarism.

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at